Foot & Ankle Anatomy
The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Tendons are the soft tissues connecting muscles to the bones. The Achilles tendon is the longest tendon in the body and is present behind the ankle, joining the calf muscles with the heel bone.
Ankle Sprains are a common injury that occurs from over stretching or tearing of the ligaments that support the ankle. The ankle is composed of bones forming a joint and ligaments are the elastic structures which are responsible for holding these bones.
Common Toe Deformities
Anatomically the foot is divided into the forefoot, mid foot and hind foot. The Forefoot has 4 small toes called phalanges and 1 large toe called the hallux or big toe. Phalanges have 3 bones and 3 joints, while the big toe has 2 bones and 2 joints.
The plantar fascia is a long, thin ligament present along the bottom of the foot that creates the arch of the foot. It extends from the heel bone, and then splits and fans out to attach itself to the toes.